(Pali) 'Truth', conventional and ultimate.
Saddharmapundarika Sutra: 'The Wonderful Dharma Lotus Flower
Sutra' (Sanskrit). "Sad" means wonderful, and "Pundarika"
means white lotus flower.
Sadhana: (Sanskrit) Method of accomplishment; the step-by-step
instructions for practicing the meditations related to a particular
Sakka: The King of the Gods.
Sakkaya: 'Group of Existence'. This word is usually translated
Sakkaya-Ditthi: 'Personality-belief'. The first of the Ten
Sakya: The tribe or clan into which the Buddha was born.
Sakyamuni: The sage of the Sakyas, ie Buddha.
Samadhi: Complete concentration, lit: the (mental) state
of being firmly fixed, is the fixing of the mind on a single
Samatha: (Pali) 'Tranquillity', is a symtom of samadhi (concentration).
It is one of the mental factors in wholesome consciousness.
Samana: (Pali) Sramana in Sanskrit. Contemplative. Literally,
a person who abandons the conventional obligations of social
life in order to find a way of life more "in tune"
(sama) with the ways of nature.
Samantabhadra Bodhisattva: Also called Visvabhadra Bodhisattva,
Universally Worthy Bodhisattva. Being one of the Four Great
Bodhisattvas, he is the Bodhisattva of Great Conduct, representing
the Law. He has Ten Great King Vows, which are the guidelines
in practising Buddhism, and cultivating the Buddhist Way. In
Sambhogakaya: (Sanskrit) The "enjoyment body";
the form in which the enlightened mind appears in order to benefit
highly realized bodhisattvas. One of the three bodies of a Buddha.
Sampajanna: 'Clarity of Consciousness', Clear Comprehension.
This term is frequently met with in combination with Mindfulness
Samsara: (Sanskrit and Pali) The world of appearances and
endless flux, including all aspects of becoming and death; cycles
of birth and rebirth.
Samu: (Japanese) Work service (in the sense of sutra service);
meditation in work (traditionally in and about the temple).
Sanbo kyodan: (Japanese) Order of the Three Treasures; the
Zen sect traced from Yasutani Hakuun, 1885-1973.
Sangha: (Pali) On the conventional (sammati) level, this
term denotes the communities of Buddhist monks and nuns; on
the ideal (ariya) level, it denotes those followers of the Buddha,
lay or ordained, who have attained at least stream-entry.
Sankhara: A compounded thing.
Sanskrit: The classical Aryan language of ancient India,
systematized by scholars. With the exception of a few ancient
translations probably from Pali versions, most of the original
texts in Buddhism used in China were Sanskrit.
Sariputra: (Skt.) Sariputta (Pali): One of the Buddha's
Sati: (Pali) 'Mindfulness', presence of mind, is one of
the 5 spiritual Faculties and Powers, one of the 7 factors of
enlightenment, and the 7th link of the 8-fold Path.
Satipatthana: (Pali) 'The Four Foundations of Mindfulness',
lit. 'Awareness of Mindfulness', are: Contemplation of the Body,
Feeling, Mind-state and Mind-objects.
Satori: (Japanese) A state of consciousness in Zen Buddhism
beyond the plane of discrimination and differentiation.
Sautrantika: One of the Theravada philosophical schools.
Savatthi: Savatthi in Pali, Sravasti in Sanskrit. The capital
of the ancient Kingdom of Kosala, where the famous monastery
(Bodhimandala) Jetavanna Grove was located.
Sayadaw: (Burmese) Teacher, or senior monk.
Seiza: (Japanese) Quiet sitting; Japanese sitting; an alternative
posture for zazen.
Seiza Shiki: (Japanese) The system of Seiza; physical and
mental culture through the practice of seiza.
Semmon Dojo: (Japanese) Special Training Place; a Rinzai
Zen temple where monks or nuns are trained.
Sensei: (Japanese) Teacher.
Sentient Being: A being who has not yet reached enlightenment.
Sesshin: (Japanese) To touch, receive, or convey the mind;
the Zen retreat, conventionally seven days.
Shakyamuni: Sakayamuni in Sanskrit, Shakyamuni in Pali.
The founder of Buddhism. He was born as the Prince of Sakyans,
and was called Siddhartha Gautama. At the age of 35, he attained
supreme Enlightenment and became the Buddha and was the called
Shakyamuni. The word means "capability and kindness".
Shin: The Pure Land School of Japanese Buddhism.
Shobogenzo: The masterwork of Dogen Zenji, this work is
made up of ninety-five fascicles on Buddhist subjects and is
considered a milestone in Buddhist literature.
Shoken: (Japanese) First view; the first interview between
roshi and student.
Shunyata/Sunnata: "Emptiness, void," the ultimate
meaning of all things as a result of the three "features
of existence," suffering, impermanence, and no-soul.
Siddhartha: Siddhartha in Sanskrit, Siddhartha in Pali.
The given name of Shakyamuni when he was born to the King Suddhodana.
The name means "wish fulfilled".
Siddhi: (Sanskrit) Powers of the mind not yet developed
in the average man.
Sila: (Sanskrit and Pali). The Buddhist code of morality.
Singalovada Sutra: A short sutra about ethics and morality.
Skandha: (Sanskrit) "aggregate," one of the five
constituents of the construct called "personality."
Soto Sect: (Japanese) Zen Buddhist Sect; traced from Tung-shan
Liang-chieh (Dongshan Liangjie), 840-901.
Sravaka: Hearer; a disciple not yet capable of independent
Srotapanna: A Sanskrit word which means one who has entered
the flow, Sotapanna in Pali. He opposes the flow of common
people's six dusts and enters the flow of the Sage's Dharma-nature.
It comes when the eighty-eight categories of delusions of view
are smashed and cut off by means of sixteen hearts. It is called
a Way of Liberation, for at that point, delusion is completely
severed and liberation is obtained. One who has certified to
Srotapanna has seven more births and deaths to undergo.
Stupa: (Sanskrit) Originally, a tumulus or burial mound
enshrining relics of a holy person - such as the Buddha - or
object associated with his life. Over the centuries this has
developed into the tall, spired monuments familiar in temples
in Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Burma; and into the pagodas of China,
Korea, and Japan.
Subhadra: Subhadra in Sanskrit, Subhadda in Pali. A Brahman
of age 120, who became Shakyamuni's disciple shortly before
Shakyamuni's death and is therefore known as the last disciple.
Suddhodana: Pure Rice Prince, the father of Shakyamuni,
ruled over the Sakyans at Kapilavatthu on the Nepalese border.
Sugati: 'Happy Course of existence'.
Sukha: Pleasant, happy; happiness. pleasure, joy, bliss.
It is one of the three feelings (vedana) and may be either bodily
Sumeru: (Sanskrit). It means wonderful high mountain. It
is composed of gold, silver, lapis lazuli and crystal.
Sumi-e: Japanese brush-ink painting associated with Zen
practice, characterized by rapid, spontaneous strokes.
Sunna: (Pali) (adj.) Sunnata (noun): Void (ness),
empty (emptiness). As a doctrinal term it refers, in Theravada,
exclusively to the Annatta doctrine, i.e., the unsubstantiality
of all phenonena.
Sunya: (Sanskrit) The void; emptiness; the realm of transitory
and relative existence.
Sura: Celestial being who enjoys the highest pleasures to
be found in cyclic existence.
Sutra / Sutta: (Sutta in Pali and Sutra in Sanskrit) Lit.
'thread', major category of Buddhist scripture.