main task of the Buddhist monastic community is to preserve and
practise the Teaching of the Buddha. The Buddha Himself had indicated
that the survival of the Teaching depended upon the existence
of the monastic community, whose members can devote all their
time and energy to this important task. Having accomplished this,
they can use their learning and wisdom to help society as a whole.
the members of the Buddhist monastic community have renounced
the worldly life, they still have an important contribution to
make to the welfare of the society. For instance, they help to
solve the problems of the lay followers through counselling. Not
being attached to the worldly conditions such as happiness and
pain, gain and loss, they are more objective and farsighted in
their outlook. They are therefore able to advise the lay followers
on the best course of conduct. They also help lay followers to
face the trials and sufferings of life, especially in times of
distress such as when a serious illness or death occurs.
the members of the monastic community also help to provide various
social services for the lay community. The Buddhist monasteries
have an important role to play in the education of the young and
even today, there are Buddhist schools functioning alongside state
schools. In addition, Buddhist monks and nuns help in the running
of free clinics, orphanages, homes for the aged and the sick,
and other welfare organisations.